February 2013

Time expressions used with tenses

February 18, 2013

Rewrite the following sentences using the words given in the brackets, in their correct forms. Hints The time expressions used in a sentence determines the tense form. To talk about something that was happening at a particular point of time in the past, we use the past continuous tense. To talk about quickly finished past […]

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Present participle or past participle

February 17, 2013

Participles can be used as adjectives. Complete the following sentences using appropriate present participle or past participle forms. 1. The film was so ………………………….. that I fell asleep in the middle. a) boring b) bored 2. Would you like to come over? I’m so …………………………………. a) boring b) bored 3. The journey was quite ………………………….. […]

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Using adverbs

February 16, 2013

We have already learned that adverbs modify verbs. They tell us how an action is performed. Sometimes adverbs show the place or frequency of an action. She sings well. They drive carefully. She walked slowly. He gave his reply immediately. He did the work satisfactorily. She suffered the agony bravely. Note that adverbs are usually […]

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Relative pronouns used to introduce adjective clauses

February 14, 2013

We have already learned that an adjective clause is a group of words that works like an adjective. Adjectives are used to modify nouns. In the same way, adjective clauses are also used to modify nouns. In this lesson we will take a look at the five relative pronouns used to introduce adjectives clauses. Note […]

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Correct use of some prepositions and transitional adverbs

February 13, 2013

Several words can be different parts of speech. For example and for instance can be prepositions or transitional adverbs. When they are used as transitional adverbs, they come at the beginning of the sentence and modify the entire sentence. Also pay careful attention to the fact that many transitional adverbs are also subordinating (dependent) conjunctions. […]

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Using prepositions and transitional adverbs

February 12, 2013

A preposition is always followed by an object. Together they form a phrase, not a clause. The match was cancelled because of the rain. Here the prepositional phrase because of the rain cannot be a sentence alone because it does not have a subject or verb. Like all other phrases, a prepositional phrase must be […]

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The use of was and were in the 2nd conditional

February 11, 2013

We have already learned that the second conditional form is used to talk about unreal or imaginary situations. Here we use a simple past tense in the if-clause and would + infinitive in the main clause. I would make a cake if I got time. She would clean the carpet if you asked her. I […]

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What’s the origin of the word ‘blackleg’?

February 9, 2013

When trade unions call for strikes, they expect all of their members to refrain from work. That is the norm. However, sometimes some members of the trade union go against the wishes of their leaders and go to work. These people will go to offices and factories while they fellow workers protest in the streets. […]

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Mistakes in the use of conjunctions

February 8, 2013

Students sometimes add too many conjunctions because they do not remember exactly how many clauses they have written. Therefore before you submit your work, you have to edit it and make sure that you have the correct number of clauses. Read the following sentence. Incorrect: I think that the new shopping mall which will improve […]

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Only, alone, lonely

February 7, 2013

Complete the following sentences using appropriate words. 1. ‘Have you got any brothers or sisters?’ ‘No, I am an ……………………. child.’ a) only b) alone c) lonely 2. Since splitting from her boyfriend, she has been living ……………………. a) only b) alone c) lonely 3. I don’t like to be …………………….. for long periods. a) […]

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