Adverbs

Adverb clauses of result and concession

March 8, 2011

Adverb clauses of result or consequence are introduced by the subordinating conjunctions that, so…that, so that and such…that. The famine was so severe that thousands perished. They fought so bravely that the enemy fled. He is such a good man that all respect him. He spoke in such a low voice that few people could […]

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Adverb clauses of condition

March 7, 2011

Adverb clauses of condition are introduced by the subordinating conjunctions if, whether, provided that, so long as and unless. If I like it, I will buy it. If you heat ice, it melts. If it rains, we will stay at home. You may come, if you want to. You won’t pass unless you work hard. […]

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Adverb clauses of cause or reason

March 6, 2011

Adverb clauses of cause or reason are introduced by the subordinating conjunctions because, as, since and that. I sing because I like singing. He thinks he can get anything because he is rich. Since he has apologized we will take no further action against him. As he was not there I left a message with […]

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Adverb clauses of purpose

March 5, 2011

Adverb clauses of purpose are introduced by the subordinating conjunctions that, so that, in order that and lest. We eat that we may live. He works hard so that he will become a millionaire. Put on your warm clothes lest you should catch a chill. Schools were closed early in order that students might reach […]

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Adverb clauses

March 5, 2011

Study the following sentences. They started in the morning. (Started when? – in the morning) They started before the sun rose. (started when? – before the sun rose) It is clear that in sentence 1 and sentence 2 the groups of words in italics do the work of an adverb as they modify the verb […]

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Adjectives or adverbs – part 2

February 10, 2011

Fine and finely The adverb fine means ‘well’. It is used in some informal expressions. She is doing fine. The adverb finely is used to talk about small careful adjustments. finely ground particles a finely tuned machine Free and freely The adverb free means ‘without payment’. The adverb freely means ‘without restriction’. Buy two shirts […]

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Adjectives or adverbs? confusing cases

February 10, 2011

Adjectives ending in -ly Most adverbs end in -ly. There are also some adjectives ending in -ly. Examples are: costly, cowardly, deadly, friendly, likely, lively, lonely, lovely, silly, ugly etc. She is a lovely girl. (Here lovely is an adjective. It modifies the noun girl.) I love his friendly nature. (Here the adjective friendly modifies […]

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Adverb clauses of time and place

January 27, 2011

An adverb clause serves the purpose of an adverb. There are different kinds of adverb clauses. Adverb clauses of time Adverb clauses of time are introduced by subordinating conjunctions like when, whenever, before, after, as, since, till, once and now that. Whenever I get an idea for a story, I jot it down in a […]

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The adverb too

December 5, 2010

Too is an adverb. It is used before adjectives without nouns and before adverbs. I arrived too late. You are too generous. Too and too much Too much cannot be used before adverbs and adjectives without nouns. She is too fat. (NOT She is too much fat.) Too with other determiners Too is not normally […]

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Position of Adverbs – Detailed Rules

October 11, 2010

Different kinds of adverbs go in different positions in a sentence. Here are some general rules. Adverbs cannot go between a verb and its object. He speaks English well. (NOT He speaks well English.) I often visit my parents. (NOT I visit often my parents.) An adverb particle (e.g. up, down, off, on etc.) can […]

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