Using since

August 17, 2013

Since can be used as an adverb, a conjunction and a preposition. Since as a preposition As a preposition, since is followed by a noun/noun equivalent which acts as its object. She has changed a lot since her marriage. Everything has changed so much since our last meeting. As an adverb When since is used […]

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Common mistakes with conjunctions

August 10, 2013

One conjunction for two clauses In English, we use just one conjunction to connect two clauses. Incorrect: Because he is intelligent so he gets good marks. Correct: Because he is intelligent he gets good marks. OR He is intelligent so he gets good marks. Because is a conjunction and English does not require a second […]

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On the other hand, while and whereas

August 7, 2013

These words or phrases have similar uses, but the grammar is not quite the same. On the other hand is a conjunctive adverb. It is used to compare two situations or two people and to show that there is an important difference between them. In many Middle Eastern countries, it is quite common for parents […]

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Common mistakes in the use of some conjunctions

July 3, 2013

Scarcely and hardly These words are followed by when or before, not than. Hardly had I entered the room when a strange creature ran out. OR Scarcely had I entered the room when a strange creature ran out. (NOT Hardly had I entered the room, than …) No sooner is followed by than, not when […]

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Subordinating One Clause to Another

April 27, 2013

Coordinating conjunctions simply link ideas. Subordinating conjunctions, on the other hand, also establish a more complex relationship between the clauses. They suggest that one idea depends on another in some way. Maybe there is a cause-and-effect relationship between the two. Or maybe the two clauses simply show a chronological development of ideas. Remember that in […]

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Conjunctions exercise

April 5, 2013

Complete the following sentences using appropriate conjunctions. 1. The car is running more smoothly ……………………….. it had a service. (since / for) 2. ……………………….. Mike is married, he is much more responsible. (now that / such that) 3. I haven’t settled the question of …………………… I’ll go back home. (whether / if) 4. They held […]

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Whether … or …

March 15, 2013

Whether…or… can be used as a double conjunction. An example is given below. Some lessons are easy. Some lessons are difficult. A student will have to learn all of them. We can combine these three sentences into one using whether …or. A student will have to learn all the lessons whether they are easy or […]

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Mistakes in the use of conjunctions

February 8, 2013

Students sometimes add too many conjunctions because they do not remember exactly how many clauses they have written. Therefore before you submit your work, you have to edit it and make sure that you have the correct number of clauses. Read the following sentence. Incorrect: I think that the new shopping mall which will improve […]

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Some conjunctions

October 31, 2012

While While is usually a subordinating conjunction of time. It can also be used to show contrast. Strike while the iron is hot. (Subordinating conjunction of time) Thieves broke into the house while they were sleeping. (Subordinating conjunction of time) While she is a doctor I am a sweeper. (Subordinating conjunction showing contrast) While he […]

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Using if and unless

September 7, 2012

Read the following sentences. You must finish the job in time. Otherwise you will be sacked. These two sentences can be joined using if or unless. Note that unless means if not and hence it would be wrong to use another not in clauses with unless. If you do not finish the job in time, […]

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