Showing contrast and cause

December 17, 2013

If you repeat the same words and structures, your writing will become monotonous. Good writers always make a conscious effort to avoid repeating vocabulary within the same paragraph if possible. Fortunately, in English we can express the same idea in very many ways. Showing opposition or contrast Ideas that can be expressed using the coordinating […]

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Common correlative conjunctions

October 9, 2013

Correlative conjunctions are usually coordinating in nature because the sentence fragments they connect tend to be of equal rank. As you know, a coordinating conjunction connects two independent clauses. A subordinating conjunction, on the other hand, connects a dependent clause to an independent clause. Some correlative conjunctions and their uses are explained below. Such … […]

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Correlative conjunctions

October 8, 2013

You already know what a conjunction is. It is a word used to connect two words, phrases or clauses. Examples are: and, but, because, when, while, since, if etc. There are mainly two types of conjunctions: coordinating conjunctions and subordinating conjunctions. Most conjunctions are simple one word structures, but some conjunctions come in pairs and […]

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Difference between conjunctions, relative pronouns and relative adverbs

September 10, 2013

Conjunctions, relative pronouns and relative adverbs can be used to connect two clauses. The grammar is different. Prepositions do not connect two clauses. They merely show the relationship between a noun/pronoun and another word in the sentence. Relative pronouns Relative pronouns are different from conjunctions. Relative pronouns are important connecting devices. They not only connect […]

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No sooner … than, Hardly…when

August 20, 2013

If the second event occurs immediately after the first, we can express that idea using the structure no sooner … than. Note that in this structure no sooner introduces the event that occurred first. No sooner had I arrived at the station than the train came. (= I came first and the train arrived right […]

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Using since

August 17, 2013

Since can be used as an adverb, a conjunction and a preposition. Since as a preposition As a preposition, since is followed by a noun/noun equivalent which acts as its object. She has changed a lot since her marriage. Everything has changed so much since our last meeting. As an adverb When since is used […]

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Common mistakes with conjunctions

August 10, 2013

One conjunction for two clauses In English, we use just one conjunction to connect two clauses. Incorrect: Because he is intelligent so he gets good marks. Correct: Because he is intelligent he gets good marks. OR He is intelligent so he gets good marks. Because is a conjunction and English does not require a second […]

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On the other hand, while and whereas

August 7, 2013

These words or phrases have similar uses, but the grammar is not quite the same. On the other hand is a conjunctive adverb. It is used to compare two situations or two people and to show that there is an important difference between them. In many Middle Eastern countries, it is quite common for parents […]

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Common mistakes in the use of some conjunctions

July 3, 2013

Scarcely and hardly These words are followed by when or before, not than. Hardly had I entered the room when a strange creature ran out. OR Scarcely had I entered the room when a strange creature ran out. (NOT Hardly had I entered the room, than …) No sooner is followed by than, not when […]

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Subordinating One Clause to Another

April 27, 2013

Coordinating conjunctions simply link ideas. Subordinating conjunctions, on the other hand, also establish a more complex relationship between the clauses. They suggest that one idea depends on another in some way. Maybe there is a cause-and-effect relationship between the two. Or maybe the two clauses simply show a chronological development of ideas. Remember that in […]

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Free Grammar Guide: "120 Deadly Grammar and Vocabulary Mistakes."