Instead as an adverb and preposition

March 29, 2013

Instead is an adverb. It means ‘as an alternative’. He didn’t buy a large loaf. Instead, he bought two small loaves. She didn’t go to Greece. Instead, she went to Italy. Don’t marry Peter. Marry me instead. As an adverb instead goes at the beginning or at the end of a clause. When it goes […]

Read the full post →

Using the future continuous tense

March 9, 2013

The future continuous tense is mainly used to say that something will be in progress at a particular moment in the future. Form: will be + -ing form of the verb Good luck. We’ll be praying for you. This time tomorrow I will be performing in front of 15,000 people. Predicting the present We use […]

Read the full post →

Rewrite sentences without changing the meaning

March 3, 2013

Combine the following sentences using an appropriate tense form. 1. He was in the habit of smoking. He no longer smokes. 2. She started singing at 7 am. She is still singing. Now it is 9 am. 3. She joined our company in 2005. She quit our company in 2011. 4. He began to wait […]

Read the full post →

Formation of questions

March 2, 2013

Frame questions for the following answers. Start your questions with Do + subject + know…? Example Yes, he gets up at 7 am. Do you know when he gets up? 1. Yes. The Himalayas are in the north. 2. Yes. She is quitting her job because she is moving to another city. 3. No. He […]

Read the full post →

Reporting statements

March 1, 2013

Reporting statements is relatively easy. The most common verb used to report statements is tell. As a general rule, the changes in the tense of the reported speech depend upon the tense of the reporting verb in the direct speech. Thus when the reporting verb is in the past tense, the tense of the reported […]

Read the full post →

Future with will and going to

February 7, 2013

In English there are several different ways to talk about the future. However, future forms with will and going to are the most common among these. Although both of these structures are used to talk about future, there is an important difference between them. The forms with will (simple future tense) are mainly used to […]

Read the full post →

Must and have (got) to

January 21, 2013

Both must and have got to can be used to talk about necessity. They are usually interchangeable; however, have got to is mainly used to talk about obligations that come from outside. On the other hand, must is mainly used to talk about the feelings and wishes of the speaker and the hearer. In American […]

Read the full post →

Can and be able to

January 18, 2013

Both can and be able to can be used to talk about ability and permission. In some cases, both structures are possible. However, in some other cases only one of these two structures are used. She can knit. OR She is able to knit. He can work on a computer. OR He is able to […]

Read the full post →

Time indicated by modal auxiliary verbs

December 14, 2012

The words will, would, shall, should, can, could, may, might, must and ought to are called modal auxiliary verbs. Sometimes the verbs dare and need are also considered as modals. Unlike primary auxiliaries which have distinct forms to refer to the past, the modals do not have past forms. The modal auxiliary verbs usually refer […]

Read the full post →

Using have

December 10, 2012

The verb have has three forms: has, have and had. The forms has and have are used in the present tense. Had is used in the past tense. Use have when the subject is a plural noun. Have is also used with the pronouns I, we, they and you. They have a nice apartment in […]

Read the full post →
Free Grammar Guide: "120 Deadly Grammar and Vocabulary Mistakes."