Future with will and going to

February 7, 2013

In English there are several different ways to talk about the future. However, future forms with will and going to are the most common among these. Although both of these structures are used to talk about future, there is an important difference between them. The forms with will (simple future tense) are mainly used to […]

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Must and have (got) to

January 21, 2013

Both must and have got to can be used to talk about necessity. They are usually interchangeable; however, have got to is mainly used to talk about obligations that come from outside. On the other hand, must is mainly used to talk about the feelings and wishes of the speaker and the hearer. In American […]

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Can and be able to

January 18, 2013

Both can and be able to can be used to talk about ability and permission. In some cases, both structures are possible. However, in some other cases only one of these two structures are used. She can knit. OR She is able to knit. He can work on a computer. OR He is able to […]

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Time indicated by modal auxiliary verbs

December 14, 2012

The words will, would, shall, should, can, could, may, might, must and ought to are called modal auxiliary verbs. Sometimes the verbs dare and need are also considered as modals. Unlike primary auxiliaries which have distinct forms to refer to the past, the modals do not have past forms. The modal auxiliary verbs usually refer […]

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Using have

December 10, 2012

The verb have has three forms: has, have and had. The forms has and have are used in the present tense. Had is used in the past tense. Use have when the subject is a plural noun. Have is also used with the pronouns I, we, they and you. They have a nice apartment in […]

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Passives: some special points

November 25, 2012

Some verbs can be followed by two objects. The objects usually refer to a person (indirect object) and a thing (direct object). The indirect object usually comes before the direct object. We can also put the indirect object after the direct object. In this case, we will use a preposition like to or for. Examples […]

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Present perfect continuous tense

November 23, 2012

Form: has / have + been + ing form of the verb Affirmative Question Negative I have been working. Have I been working? I have not been working. He has been working. Has he been working? He has not been working. She has been working. Has she been working? She has not been working. They […]

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Use of ever with question words for emphasis

September 5, 2012

Read the following sentences. You may do anything. I will support you. These two sentences can be combined into one by using whatever. Whatever you do I will support you. Somebody may find the keys. He should hand them over to me. Whoever finds the keys should hand them over to me. It does not […]

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Noun clause markers

June 23, 2012

Recognizing a noun clause isn’t all that difficult. They are usually introduced by the conjunctions that, if or whether. Noun clauses can also be introduced by question words (e.g. how, what, when, where, which, who, whom, whose, why) and words ending in –ever (e.g. whatever, whenever, wherever etc.) I don’t know why she dislikes me. […]

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Comparative and superlative forms

May 30, 2012

The comparative and superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs are used to compare and contrast people and things. In this comparative and superlative guide, you will find example sentences and practical activities for study at home. Use the comparative form (e.g. taller, sharper, stronger, better) to show the difference between two people or objects. Susie […]

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