Using have

December 10, 2012

The verb have has three forms: has, have and had. The forms has and have are used in the present tense. Had is used in the past tense. Use have when the subject is a plural noun. Have is also used with the pronouns I, we, they and you. They have a nice apartment in […]

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Passives: some special points

November 25, 2012

Some verbs can be followed by two objects. The objects usually refer to a person (indirect object) and a thing (direct object). The indirect object usually comes before the direct object. We can also put the indirect object after the direct object. In this case, we will use a preposition like to or for. Examples […]

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Present perfect continuous tense

November 23, 2012

Form: has / have + been + ing form of the verb Affirmative Question Negative I have been working. Have I been working? I have not been working. He has been working. Has he been working? He has not been working. She has been working. Has she been working? She has not been working. They […]

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Use of ever with question words for emphasis

September 5, 2012

Read the following sentences. You may do anything. I will support you. These two sentences can be combined into one by using whatever. Whatever you do I will support you. Somebody may find the keys. He should hand them over to me. Whoever finds the keys should hand them over to me. It does not […]

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Noun clause markers

June 23, 2012

Recognizing a noun clause isn’t all that difficult. They are usually introduced by the conjunctions that, if or whether. Noun clauses can also be introduced by question words (e.g. how, what, when, where, which, who, whom, whose, why) and words ending in –ever (e.g. whatever, whenever, wherever etc.) I don’t know why she dislikes me. […]

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Comparative and superlative forms

May 30, 2012

The comparative and superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs are used to compare and contrast people and things. In this comparative and superlative guide, you will find example sentences and practical activities for study at home. Use the comparative form (e.g. taller, sharper, stronger, better) to show the difference between two people or objects. Susie […]

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Interrogative pronouns

May 29, 2012

The relative pronouns (e.g. who, which, what, whom, whose etc.) which are used to ask questions are called interrogative pronouns. The interrogative pronouns may be used to ask: Direct questions Who are you? What do you want? Whom did you go with? Whose is this? Which is your pen? Indirect questions I don’t know what […]

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Adverb complements

April 11, 2012

Some sentences are incomplete without adverb complements. For example, a sentence with put will not make sense if you do not say where something is put. In the same way, a sentence with go will not make sense if you do not say where somebody goes. If we want to say how long something lasts, […]

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The need for auxiliary verbs

March 26, 2012

English verbs have only a limited number of forms. For example, the typical English verb write has the following forms: write, writes, wrote, written, writing. But these forms are not always sufficient to express all the meanings. For example, ideas like questioning, negation, time, repetition, completion, willingness, obligation etc cannot be expressed by using the […]

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Get with infinitives and –ing forms

March 25, 2012

Get can be followed by –ing forms and infinitives. There is usually a difference of meaning. Get + -ing form is sometimes used to mean ‘start doing something’. Common expressions are: get going and get moving. Let’s get going. The structure get + object + -ing form means ‘make somebody / something start doing something’. […]

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