Learning

-ing form or infinitive?

November 6, 2010

Some adjectives and verbs can be followed by either a gerund (-ing form) or an infinitive. I started teaching when I was 20. OR I started to teach when I was 20. She was proud of having won. OR She was proud to have won. Notes In some cases there is a difference meaning. Remember […]

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Interchange of degrees of comparison – part II

October 13, 2010

Study the given sentence: Iron is more useful than any metal. The sentence given above doesn’t make sense because it means that iron is more useful than iron itself. (When you say any metal it includes iron.). It should, therefore, be rewritten as ‘Iron is more useful than any other metal.’ More examples are given […]

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Interchange of the degrees of comparison

October 13, 2010

It is possible to change the degree of comparison without changing the meaning of a sentence. Study the following examples. Positive: I am as strong as him. Comparative: He is not stronger than me. As you can probably see, both sentences mean the same. Positive: No other girl in the class is as tall as […]

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Dare and Had Better

August 18, 2010

Dare is used both as an ordinary verb and as an auxiliary verb. The ordinary verb dare is used in the sense of defy, challenge or face boldly. It has -s in the third person singular. Questions and negatives are made with do. He did not dare to accept the challenge. He dares you to […]

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Uses of Need

August 18, 2010

Need is used both as an ordinary verb and as an auxiliary verb. As an ordinary verb need is used in the sense of require. The ordinary verb need has -s in the third person singular. Questions and negatives are made with do. Do you need any help? We need more volunteers. We have got […]

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May and Might

August 15, 2010

May is used to ask for permission. May I come in, please? May I go home now? May not is used to deny permission. ‘May I go now?’ ‘No, you may not.’ Notes Nowadays, the denial of permission is often expressed by cannot. This usage is probably encouraged by the fact that the contraction can’t […]

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Talking about the future part II

August 7, 2010

The simple present tense is used to talk about future events that are part of official programs or timetables. The college reopens on August 16th. The train leaves at 6 pm. When does the flight arrive? The simple present tense is also used to talk about future in clauses beginning with if, unless, when, while, […]

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Talking about the future

August 6, 2010

There are several ways of talking about the future in English. We can, for example, use the simple future tense, the going to form or the simple present tense. The simple future tense The simple future tense is used to talk about things which are beyond our control. It expresses the future as fact. We […]

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Active and Passive Voice Exercise II

August 5, 2010

Find the verbs in the following sentences and state whether they are in the active voice or the passive voice. 1. The tiger killed the deer. 2. The boy is learning his lessons. 3. This house was built by my grandfather. 4. Alice has been waiting for a long time. 5. Mother was making a […]

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Synthesis of sentences

August 3, 2010

Synthesis means the combination of a number of simple sentences into one new sentence – simple, compound or complex. The following are the chief ways of combining two or more simple sentences into one large simple sentence. By using a participle He sprang up to his feet. He ran away. springing up to his feet, […]

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