Learning

Verbs with two objects

March 23, 2012

Many verbs can be followed by two objects – one indirect and one direct object. The indirect object usually refers to a person, and comes first. I gave him a watch for his birthday. Could you send me the report? I will lend you some money. Let me get you some coffee. She told me […]

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Passive voice exercise

March 1, 2012

Change the following sentences into the passive. 1. I love him. 2. We cheered the players. 3. The hunter shot the tiger. 4. Mr. James will give you a present. 5. They carried the patient home. 6. She has done her work. 7. Do it at once. 8. Carry it home. 9. Do not pluck […]

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Changing an affirmative sentence into interrogative and exclamatory

May 15, 2011

Study the following sentences. They are in the pattern ‘adjective + of + noun / pronoun + to-infinitive’. It was good of him to help the poor man. It is foolish of him to throw away his chances like that. It was clever of him to solve the problem so quickly. These sentences can be […]

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Gerunds or present participles?

January 18, 2011

We can use -ing forms (e.g. drinking, singing, smoking, running etc.) not only as verbs, but also like adjectives, adverbs or nouns. You are drinking too much these days. (Here the -ing form is part of the present continuous verb.) Barking dogs seldom bite. (Here the -ing form is used like an adjective. It modifies […]

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Use of certain longer and shorter alternatives

December 22, 2010

Many longer expressions have shorter alternatives. Examples are given below: Plenty of / a lot of / a great deal of = many / much A long way / a long way off = far / far off The longer forms are generally used in the affirmative; the shorter forms are used in the negative […]

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The question words who, which and what

November 8, 2010

Which and what There is little difference of meaning between which and what. They are often both possible. Which is your favorite song? OR What is your favorite song? Which writer / what writer has influenced you most in your life? We prefer which when the number of choices is limited. We have got small […]

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-ing form or infinitive?

November 6, 2010

Some adjectives and verbs can be followed by either a gerund (-ing form) or an infinitive. I started teaching when I was 20. OR I started to teach when I was 20. She was proud of having won. OR She was proud to have won. Notes In some cases there is a difference meaning. Remember […]

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Interchange of degrees of comparison – part II

October 13, 2010

Study the given sentence: Iron is more useful than any metal. The sentence given above doesn’t make sense because it means that iron is more useful than iron itself. (When you say any metal it includes iron.). It should, therefore, be rewritten as ‘Iron is more useful than any other metal.’ More examples are given […]

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Interchange of the degrees of comparison

October 13, 2010

It is possible to change the degree of comparison without changing the meaning of a sentence. Study the following examples. Positive: I am as strong as him. Comparative: He is not stronger than me. As you can probably see, both sentences mean the same. Positive: No other girl in the class is as tall as […]

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Dare and Had Better

August 18, 2010

Dare is used both as an ordinary verb and as an auxiliary verb. The ordinary verb dare is used in the sense of defy, challenge or face boldly. It has -s in the third person singular. Questions and negatives are made with do. He did not dare to accept the challenge. He dares you to […]

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Free Grammar Guide: "120 Deadly Grammar and Vocabulary Mistakes."