Learning

Talking about the future

August 6, 2010

There are several ways of talking about the future in English. We can, for example, use the simple future tense, the going to form or the simple present tense. The simple future tense The simple future tense is used to talk about things which are beyond our control. It expresses the future as fact. We […]

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Active and Passive Voice Exercise II

August 5, 2010

Find the verbs in the following sentences and state whether they are in the active voice or the passive voice. 1. The tiger killed the deer. 2. The boy is learning his lessons. 3. This house was built by my grandfather. 4. Alice has been waiting for a long time. 5. Mother was making a […]

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Synthesis of sentences

August 3, 2010

Synthesis means the combination of a number of simple sentences into one new sentence – simple, compound or complex. The following are the chief ways of combining two or more simple sentences into one large simple sentence. By using a participle He sprang up to his feet. He ran away. springing up to his feet, […]

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Common errors in the use of tenses

July 28, 2010

Incorrect: It is raining for two days. Correct: It has been raining for two days. Incorrect: The baby is sleeping for three hours now. Correct: The baby has been sleeping for three hours now. Here the error lies in using the present continuous instead of the present perfect continuous. We use the present perfect continuous […]

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Repetition of the article

July 27, 2010

Read the sentence given below: I have a black and white cow. This sentence means that I have a cow which is partly white and partly black. But If I say ‘I have a black and a white cow’, I have two cows – one black and the other white. Hence when two or more […]

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Omission of the articles

July 25, 2010

Before uncountable nouns We do not use articles before uncountable and abstract nouns used in a general sense. Honey is sweet. (NOT The honey is sweet.) Sugar is bad for your teeth. Wisdom is better than riches. Virtue is its own reward. Note that uncountable nouns take the article the when used in a particular […]

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What are articles?

July 22, 2010

The words a or an and the are called articles. Articles come before nouns. There are two articles – a/an and the The article a or an is called the indefinite article because it doesn’t state which person or thing we are talking about. For example, a doctor means any doctor. A child means any […]

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The phrase and the clause

July 18, 2010

When we make a sentence, we name a person or thing and say something about that person or thing.  Every sentence has two parts – The part which names the person or thing we are speaking about is called the subject of the sentence. The part which says something about the subject is called the […]

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Verb – Moods

July 11, 2010

The simplest use of a verb is to make a statement or to ask a question. I got up early in the morning. Who wrote that story? A verb may also be used to express a command. Shut up! Or a verb may be used to express a mere supposition. If I were you, I […]

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Tenses different forms

June 29, 2010

Now read the following sentences: * I write. * I am writing. * I have written. * I have been writing. The verbs in all of these sentences refer to the present time, and are, therefore, said to be in the present tense. In sentence 1, however, the verb simply talks about the action. It […]

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Free Grammar Guide: "120 Deadly Grammar and Vocabulary Mistakes."