Lessons

Change compound sentence into complex sentence

April 3, 2014

Transform the following compound sentences into complex sentences. A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses. A complex sentence consists of one main clause and one or more dependent clauses. Study the example given below. Buy two shirts and get one free. (Compound sentence) If you buy two shirts, you get one free. […]

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An overview of noun clauses

April 2, 2014

A complex sentence consists of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. Note that an independent clause can stand by itself and make complete sense. A dependent clause, on the other hand, cannot stand alone. It has to be attached to an independent clause. There are three kinds of subordinate clauses: noun clause, […]

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Writing simple sentences in English

March 25, 2014

Sentences with adjectives Subject + be + adjective In this pattern we use an adjective to describe the subject of a sentence. He is intelligent. She is beautiful. It is easy. We are happy. Note that we cannot use articles before an adjective. However, if the adjective is followed by a singular noun we have […]

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Building blocks of a sentence

March 25, 2014

If you are a beginner, you can use these simple sentence patterns to start writing in English Sentences in all languages follow certain patterns. There are several sentence patterns in English. Only the simplest patterns are explained in this article. An English sentence must have two parts: a subject and a verb. The subject is […]

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Using few

March 20, 2014

The word few can be used in several different ways. Few as a determiner When few is used as a determiner, it is followed by a plural noun. Few people live in this village. There were few children in the class. Before a pronoun or a noun with a determiner, we use few of. Few […]

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Common mistakes in English

March 20, 2014

Some common errors in English are given below. Incorrect: His health is more better. Correct: His health is better. OR His health is much better. Better is a comparative adjective. It cannot be modified by more. However, the modifier much is possible here. Incorrect: Why you were late? Correct: Why were you late? Incorrect: Why […]

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Sentence synthesis exercise

March 18, 2014

A complex sentence consists of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. We can combine two simple sentences into a single complex sentence. Study the examples given below. Is there life on other planets? We do not know as yet. We can combine these two clauses into one. We do not know as […]

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Mistakes in the use of articles

March 6, 2014

ESL students make several mistakes while writing English. Interestingly, most of these mistakes are not all that serious and can be avoided easily. Here is a quick overview of common mistakes in the use of articles. Two kinds of articles As you know, there are two kinds of articles in English – definite article (the) […]

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That-clause as a noun clause

March 3, 2014

A that-clause is an example of a noun clause. It can be the subject or the object of the verb. I believe that he is innocent. Here the that-clause ‘that he is innocent’ is the object of the verb believe. She said that she can speak three languages. (Object – that she can speak three […]

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Introduction to noun clauses

March 3, 2014

A noun clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. It acts as a noun. Note that a noun clause cannot stand alone. It is a subordinate clause and it needs to be attached to an independent clause. A noun clause can be the subject or object of the verb […]

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