Grammar terms beginning with C

September 5, 2011

Complex preposition A preposition which consists of two or three words. Examples are: in spite of, in front of, out of, on top of etc. Compound A word constructed by combining two or more existing words. The meaning of a compound word is not always predictable from the meanings of its component parts. Compound sentence […]

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Grammar terms

September 3, 2011

Bare infinitive An infinitive not preceded by to. Examples are: write, work, sing, draw, paint etc. Bound morpheme A morpheme which cannot stand alone to make a word. A bound morpheme must be combined with at least one another morpheme within a word. In English, the most familiar types of bound morphemes are prefixes and […]

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Grammar terms

September 1, 2011

Infinitive The infinitive is a particular verb form which expresses the verbal idea in its simplest form. It has no marking for tense, mood, person or other grammatical categories. In English, the infinitive is the bare form of the verb. It is the form which can immediately follow a modal auxiliary verb like will or […]

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Grammar terms beginning with the letter I

August 31, 2011

Imperative The sentence type illustrated in English by the following distinctive sentence pattern: Come here! The imperative commonly expresses a command. In English, an imperative usually has no expressed subject (though you is understood as its subject). The verb is in its infinitive form. In writing, an imperative sentence is often punctuated with an exclamation […]

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Common idioms with take

June 28, 2011

Pick /take up the ball and run with it This is an American idiom. It means take an idea or plan and develop it further. It seems to be a good idea. I think we should pick up the ball and run with it. Take your breath away If something takes your breath away, you […]

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What are verbal nouns?

December 23, 2010

A verbal noun is a noun derived from a verb. It exhibits all of the properties of ordinary nouns and none of the properties of verbs. A verbal noun can have plural forms just like a noun. It can also occur with determiners and adjectives. In English, verbal nouns are formed with a variety of […]

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Complement clause

December 3, 2010

A complement clause is a clause introduced by a complementizer like that or whether. A complement clause is attached to a preceding noun, adjective or verb. In the sentence ‘The news that she was dead shocked us all’, ‘that she was dead’ is a noun complement clause attached to the noun news. In ‘I am […]

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Participial adjective and participial relative clause

December 2, 2010

Participial adjective A participial adjective is a word which is identical in form to the present or past participle of a verb. A participial adjective functions as an adjective. Examples (in brackets) (Stolen) watch (Broken) wings (Fallen) heroes (Missing) child (Smiling) face An (unexpected) visitor A (surprising) visit Barking dogs seldom bite. (Here the participle […]

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November 28, 2010

The label imperative refers to the formal sentence type which has the following distinctive sentence pattern: Keep quiet! This pattern commonly expresses a command. In English, an imperative usually doesn’t have a subject (though you is understood as its subject). In writing an imperative is often punctuated with an exclamation mark. Examples: Wash your hands! […]

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Parts of Speech

November 26, 2010

On the basis of their grammatical behavior the words of a language are divided into several classes. These different classes of words are called the parts of speech. Languages differ in the parts of speech they have. English, for example has eight parts of speech: noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, verb and interjection. Some […]

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