Difference between below and under

June 6, 2011pdf

Both below and under can mean ‘lower than’.

  • The knives are in the cupboard under the sink. OR The knives are in the cupboard below the sink.

Below is preferred when one thing is not directly under another.

  • The sun disappeared below the horizon. (NOT The sun disappeared under the horizon.)
  • The climbers stopped several hundred meters below the top of the mountain.

Under is preferred when something is covered by what is over it.

  • He was wearing a blue shirt under his sweater.
  • The cat is under the bed.
  • The whole village was under water.

In measurements of temperature and height we use below.

  • The temperature is five degrees below zero.
  • Parts of the city are below sea level.

To mean ‘less than’ or ‘younger than’ we use under.

  • There were under ten students in the class. (NOT There were below ten students in the class.)
  • You can’t get a driving license if you are under 18. (NOT You can’t get a driving license if you are below 18.)

Notes

There is a similar difference between above and over. Above is used in measurements of temperature and height.
Over is used to express ideas such as ‘older than’ and ‘more than’.

  • You have to be over 18 to see that film.
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