Even if and even though

October 7, 2013pdf

These two expressions are often confused but they are not interchangeable. Even though means ‘despite the fact that’. It shows contract. It is more emphatic than although and though.

  • Even though I didn’t know anybody at the party, I had a nice time. (= Despite the fact that I didn’t know anybody at the party, I had a nice time.)
  • I bought that necklace even though it was expensive. (= I bought that necklace in spite of the fact that it was expensive.)
  • Even though she was angry with him, she said nothing. (= Although / though she was angry with him, she said nothing.)

Even if means ‘whether or not’. It is mainly used to talk about unreal or imaginary situations.

  • Even if I become a millionaire, I will always lead a simple life.

Here the speaker is not a millionaire at the moment. He is merely saying what would happen if he were a millionaire. Here we are talking about an unreal situation and its probable result.

  • Even though he is a millionaire, he leads a simple life. (= Although he is a millionaire, he leads a simple life.)

Here we are talking about a real situation. The person is a millionaire.

  • I will not be able to finish that assignment even if they extend the deadline by a few weeks.

Here the reference is to an imaginary situation.

  • I could not finish that assignment even though they extended the deadline by a few weeks. (= Although they extended the deadline by a few weeks, I could not finish that assignment.)

More examples are given below.

  • Even though she passed the test, she didn’t get admission to the college of her choice.
  • Even if she passes the test, I don’t think she will get admission to the college of her choice. (I am merely guessing.)
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