Interchange of one part of speech for another

Study the following sentences.

  • He succeeded in his attempt.
  • His attempt was successful.
  • His attempt was crowned with success.

You may have noticed that all the three sentences given above express the same idea. The verb succeeded in sentence 1 changes to the adjective successful in sentence 2 and the noun success in sentence 3.

More examples are given below.

  • Respect your parents and teachers. (respect – verb)
  • Be respectful to your parents and teachers. (respectful – adjective)
  • Show respect to your parents and teachers. (respect – noun)
  • He works diligently. (diligently – adverb)
  • He works with diligence. (diligence – noun)
  • He died in an instant. (in an instant – adverb phrase)
  • He died instantly. (instantly – adverb)
  • He accepted all of our proposals. (proposals – noun)
  • He accepted all that we proposed. (proposed  – verb)
  • This is apparently a good proposal. (apparently – adverb)
  • This appears to be a good proposal. (appears – verb)
  • It is apparent that this is a good proposal. (apparent – adjective)
  • The performance didn’t give me any amusement. (amusement – noun)
  • I wasn’t amused by the performance at all. (amused – verb)
  • No invitation was sent to the mayor. (invitation – noun)
  • The mayor wasn’t invited. (invited – verb)
  • I do not intend to spend my vacation here. (intend – verb)
  • I have no intention to spend my vacation here. (intention – noun)