Irregular Verbs

September 14, 2010pdf

Verbs can be regular or irregular.

Regular verbs form their past tense and past participle by adding -ed.

Walk / walked / walked
Laugh / laughed / laughed
Paint / painted / painted
Wait / waited / waited
Insist / insisted / insisted

Irregular verbs form their past and past participle in other ways.

Sit / sat / sat
Ring / rang / rung
Come / came / come
Cut / cut / cut

There are mainly three types of irregular verbs:

Verbs which have all the three forms alike.

Put / put / put
Read / read / read
Cut / cut / cut
Bet / bet / bet
Hit / hit / hit
Let / let / let
Set / set / set
Spread / spread / spread
Split / split / split
Burst / burst / burst

Verbs which have two of the three forms alike.

Sit / sat / sat
Run / ran / run
Beat / beaten / beaten
Become / became / become
Bend / bent / bent
Bleed / bled / bled
Breed / bred / bred
Bring / brought / brought
Build / built / built
Buy / bought / bought
Come / came / come
Fight / fought / fought
Keep / kept / kept
Say / said / said
Tell / told / told

Verbs which have three different forms:

Break / broke / broken
Write / wrote / written
Ring / rang / rung
Begin / began / begun
Fly / flew / flown
Do / did / done
Forget / forgot / forgotten
Rise / rose / risen
See / saw / seen

A few verbs have two past participle forms. One of these forms end in -en and can only be used like an adjective.

Drink / drunk (regular past participle) / drunken (adjectival past participle) Melt / melted / molten
Prove / proved / proven
Shave / shaved / shaven
Sink / sunk / sunken

Compare:

  • He has drunk milk.
  • A drunken driver
  • He has proved it.
  • A proven technique
  • The clock has struck five.
  • A grief-stricken widow
  • He has shaved off his beard.
  • A shaven head
  • The ship has sunk.
  • A sunken ship
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