Kinds of Sentences

When we speak or write, we generally use words in groups. Such a group of words which makes complete sense is called a sentence.

  • Little Jack Horner sat in a corner.
  • Jack and Jill went up the hill.
  • Two and two make four.
    It is getting dark.

Kinds of sentences

There are four kinds of sentences.

Assertive or declarative sentences
A sentence which makes a statement or assertion is called an assertive or declarative sentence.

  • Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall.
  • Honey is sweet.
  • The sun rises in the east.
  • Peter is my friend.

An assertive sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop.

Interrogative sentences
A sentence which asks a question is called an interrogative sentence.

  • Where are you going?
  • What do you want?
  • How are you?

An interrogative sentence has a question mark at the end.
Imperative sentences
A sentence which expresses a command, request or entreaty is called an imperative sentence.

  • Get lost.
  • Be quiet.
  • Don’t be silly.

An imperative sentence usually does not have an expressed subject.

Exclamatory sentences
A sentence which expresses some strong feelings is called an exclamatory sentence.

  • What a shame!
  • How disgraceful!
  • How fiercely the wind blows!
  • How cold the night is!