Structures with to-infinitives

January 3, 2011pdf

Subject + verb + to-infinitive

In this pattern, the infinitive is used as the object of the verb.

  • She wants to go.
  • I want to sing.
  • We would like to visit the museum.
  • I forgot to call him.
  • They intend to postpone the trip.
  • He decided to quit.
  • He hoped to get a first class.

The most common verbs used in this pattern are: like, love, prefer, begin, start, agree, try, attempt, choose, continue, intend, propose, desire, wish, want, hate, dislike, hope, expect, promise, refuse, fear, remember, forget, learn and offer.

Subject + verb + noun / pronoun + to-infinitive

  • She wanted me to go.
  • I would like you to stay.
  • He helped me to open the box.
  • She advised him to continue.
  • The doctor asked him to quit smoking.
  • I can’t allow you to smoke.
  • Who taught you to swim?

The most common verbs used in this pattern are: ask, tell, order, command, persuade, encourage, urge, want, wish, request, intend, expect, force, tempt, teach, invite, help, warn, like, love, hate, allow, permit, remind, cause, mean, dare etc.

Subject + be + going + to-infinitive

This structure indicates either simple futurity or intention.

  • It is going to rain.
  • The food problem is going to become severe.
  • I’m going to have a cup of coffee.
  • They are going to get married.
  • It is going to be more difficult than we thought.
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