December 2012

Passive voice structures with infinitives

December 20, 2012

Read the following sentence. People say that he is a criminal. Can we change this sentence into the passive? Yes, we can. He is said to be a criminal. (NOT That he is a criminal is said by people.) They say these nuts are good for health. (Active) These nuts are said to be good […]

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Changing a sentence into the passive when the active verb is in the future perfect tense

December 19, 2012

The future perfect tense forms are made by putting ‘will / shall + have’ before the past participle form of the verb. These sentences can be changed into the passive if the active verb has an object. The passive verb form in the future perfect tense is made by putting ‘will / shall + have […]

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Simple present tense worksheet

December 18, 2012

The simple present tense is used to talk about universal truths. It is also used to talk about things in general. Complete the following sentences using simple present tense forms. 1. What ……………………………. snakes eat? a) do b) does c) have 2. I ………………………………. TV every day. a) watch b) watches c) watched 3. My […]

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Gerunds and infinitives

December 17, 2012

Both gerunds and infinitives are non-finite verb forms. That means their form does not change with a change in the subject or tense of the verb. A gerund is an –ing form that does the work of a noun. Examples are: cooking, singing, working, sleeping etc. Gerunds are often confused with present participles because they […]

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Relative pronouns exercise

December 16, 2012

Complete the following sentences using appropriate relative pronouns. 1. He got addicted to gambling, ……………………… surprised nobody. a) which b) what c) that 2. I know a girl ………………………. mother runs a beauty parlor. a) whose b) who c) which 3. I will never forget the day ……………………. I first met him. a) when b) […]

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Difference between past continuous and past perfect continuous tenses

December 15, 2012

Form Affirmative Interrogative Negative I was reading. Was I reading? I was not reading. She was writing. Was she writing? She was not writing. They were writing. Were they writing? They were not writing. You were sleeping. Were you sleeping? You were not sleeping. He was swimming. Was he swimming? He was not swimming? It […]

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Time prepositions

December 15, 2012

Time prepositions On Use on with days. I met him on Friday. My birthday is on May 18th. We are having a small party on Christmas day. Use at with clock times and other expressions of time such as noon, night and midnight. The train departs at 6.30. We usually have dinner at 9 o’clock. […]

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Time indicated by modal auxiliary verbs

December 14, 2012

The words will, would, shall, should, can, could, may, might, must and ought to are called modal auxiliary verbs. Sometimes the verbs dare and need are also considered as modals. Unlike primary auxiliaries which have distinct forms to refer to the past, the modals do not have past forms. The modal auxiliary verbs usually refer […]

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Sequence of tenses: when the main clause is in the past tense

December 13, 2012

Sometimes the time expressed in the main clause is different from the time expressed in a subordinate clause. This can confuse ESL students because they don’t know whether it is appropriate to use different tenses in the different clauses of a sentence. Modal verbs also convey a sense of time. They can be confusing too. […]

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Changing a sentence into the passive voice when the active verb is in the simple future tense

December 12, 2012

We make simple future tense forms by putting will / shall before the base form (infinitive) of the verb. I will finish the job tomorrow. She will come tomorrow. If the sentence in the active voice consists of an object, we can change it into the passive. In the example sentences given above, the first […]

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