Adverbs Part II

Adverbs of degree or quantity

Adverbs of degree answer the question ‘how much’ or ‘in what degree’ or ‘to
what extent’. Examples are: very, too, fully, quite, rather, enough, any, partly, almost, utterly, as, entirely etc.

  • That was very tragic.
  • I have almost finished.
  • He was rather busy.
  • Is he any good?
  • You are partly right.
  • You are entirely wrong.

Adverbs of reason

Adverbs of reason answer the question ‘why?’. Examples are: therefore, hence, consequently etc.

  • Consequently he refused to go.
  • Therefore they decided to boycott the meeting.
  • He is hence unable to refute the charge.

Adverbs of affirmation or negation

Examples are: surely, certainly, not, probably, indeed etc.

  • You are certainly right.
  • I am not going.
  • He is a fool indeed.

Interrogative adverbs

Adverbs which are used for asking questions are called interrogative adverbs.  Examples are: when, where, how, why etc.

  • When will you go to New York? (Interrogative adverb of time)
  • How long will you stay here? (Interrogative adverb of time)
  • Where are my keys? (Interrogative adverb of place)
  • How often does the committee meet? (Interrogative adverb of number)
  • How did he behave? (Interrogative adverb of manner)
  • How far did he go? (Interrogative adverb of quantity)
  • Why did you resign? (Interrogative adverb of reason)

Relative adverbs

Read the following sentences:

Do you know the place where the meeting will be held?

In this sentence, where is an adverb as it modifies the verb will be held. Where is also a relative as it connects the two clauses of the sentence and at the same time refers back to its antecedent, place. Where is therefore called a relative adverb. Note that a relative adverb connects an adjective clause to the main clause.