Though, although and even though

February 8, 2014

Although Although is a conjunction. It is used for introducing a statement that makes your main statement seem surprising. Although Jane was the most deserving candidate, she didn’t get the job. Although she is rich and famous, she is not happy. The soldiers fought bravely, and although they were badly wounded, they refused to surrender. […]

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Using where and wherever

January 20, 2014

The word where has several uses. It can be used as a question adverb. In this case it introduces a direct or indirect question. Where does she work? I wonder where she works. Where can be used as a relative adverb. In this case, it refers back to a noun in the main clause. As […]

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Building sentences with adverb clauses

January 19, 2014

Let us practice building sentences with adverb clauses. An adverb clause serves the same function as an adverb. Adverbs are words used to modify verbs. Adverbs can also modify adjectives and other adverbs. Just like an adjective clause, adverb clauses, too, are dependent or subordinate clauses. A dependent clause cannot stand alone. It needs to […]

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Conjunctions and relative pronouns: grammar exercise

December 27, 2013

Complete the following sentences using appropriate conjunctions. More than one conjunction may be possible in many cases. 1. It is a question ………………….. nobody can answer. 2. I stayed an extra night …………………… I could see Merlin. 3. …………………. I was having a shower, I slipped on the floor. 4. ………………….. she was too angry […]

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Expressing the reason

December 19, 2013

We can use several different grammatical structures to show the reason for something. For example, we can express that idea using the coordinating conjunction for. I was tired after my journey, for I had been driving non-stop for twelve hours. Notes Although ‘for’ is grammatically correct in the sentence given above, it is rarely used. […]

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Showing contrast and cause

December 17, 2013

If you repeat the same words and structures, your writing will become monotonous. Good writers always make a conscious effort to avoid repeating vocabulary within the same paragraph if possible. Fortunately, in English we can express the same idea in very many ways. Showing opposition or contrast Ideas that can be expressed using the coordinating […]

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Common correlative conjunctions

October 9, 2013

Correlative conjunctions are usually coordinating in nature because the sentence fragments they connect tend to be of equal rank. As you know, a coordinating conjunction connects two independent clauses. A subordinating conjunction, on the other hand, connects a dependent clause to an independent clause. Some correlative conjunctions and their uses are explained below. Such … […]

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Correlative conjunctions

October 8, 2013

You already know what a conjunction is. It is a word used to connect two words, phrases or clauses. Examples are: and, but, because, when, while, since, if etc. There are mainly two types of conjunctions: coordinating conjunctions and subordinating conjunctions. Most conjunctions are simple one word structures, but some conjunctions come in pairs and […]

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Difference between conjunctions, relative pronouns and relative adverbs

September 10, 2013

Conjunctions, relative pronouns and relative adverbs can be used to connect two clauses. The grammar is different. Prepositions do not connect two clauses. They merely show the relationship between a noun/pronoun and another word in the sentence. Relative pronouns Relative pronouns are different from conjunctions. Relative pronouns are important connecting devices. They not only connect […]

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No sooner … than, Hardly…when

August 20, 2013

If the second event occurs immediately after the first, we can express that idea using the structure no sooner … than. Note that in this structure no sooner introduces the event that occurred first. No sooner had I arrived at the station than the train came. (= I came first and the train arrived right […]

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