How to agree and disagree with statements

September 5, 2014

Agreements with affirmative statements are made with Yes / Of course + pronoun + auxiliary. ‘It is a nice film.’ ‘Yes. It is.’ ‘She is a good girl.’ ‘Of course, she is.’ ‘He can speak English well.’ ‘Yes. He can.’ ‘She looks upset.’ ‘Yes, she does.’ Agreements with negative statements are made with No + […]

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How to report WH and Yes/No questions

September 2, 2014

There are mainly two types of questions – Wh-questions and Yes/No questions. When we report a Wh-question, we use a reporting verb like asked or enquired. Study the example given below. Direct: He said to me, ‘Where do you live?’ Indirect: He asked me where I lived. Direct: Mother said to me, ‘What are you […]

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Understanding the use of infinitives

August 26, 2014

The infinitive is the base form of the verb. Examples are: write, bring, take, make, sing, dance etc. The infinitive usually takes the preposition ‘to’ with it. Examples are: to write, to bring, to take, to make, to sing, to dance etc. When the infinitive is used with the preposition ‘to’ it is called the […]

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Commonly confused expressions

August 13, 2014

Read the sentences given below and decide whether they are right or wrong. 1. Let’s keep this between you and I. 2. Two and two is four. 3. Every one of my brothers are married. 4. Leave go of me. Now let’s analyze the sentences. The sentence ‘Let’s keep this between you and I’ is […]

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Using gerunds in English

August 7, 2014

The gerund is a word form ending in –ing. Although gerunds are formed from verbs, they are not verbs. In fact, gerunds serve the same purpose as nouns. That means they can be the subject and object of the verb. They can also be the object of a preposition. Study the examples given below. Smoking […]

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That instead of which and who

August 4, 2014

The relative pronoun ‘that’ is sometimes used instead of ‘which’ and ‘who’. Study the examples given below. The man who called yesterday was rather rude. OR The man that called yesterday was rather rude. The coffee machine which I bought for my wife was expensive. OR The coffee machine that I bought for my wife […]

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Wait and await

August 2, 2014

The verbs wait and await have similar meanings but they are used in different grammatical structures. The verb await must have an expressed object. I am awaiting your reply. They are awaiting the birth of their first baby. The object of await is usually a thing. It is not a person. For example, we can’t […]

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Present perfect and present perfect continuous tense

August 2, 2014

The present perfect and present perfect continuous tenses are often confused. In some cases, they are both possible. However, there are some differences as well. The present perfect continuous tense The present perfect continuous tense is mainly used to talk about shorter and temporary situations. Examples He has been waiting outside for ten minutes. The […]

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State verbs and action verbs

July 22, 2014

In English, there are basically two kinds of verbs – action verbs and state verbs. As the name itself suggests, action verbs indicate an action of some kind. Examples are: throw, catch, play, come, work, sing, dance, write, cook and break. State verbs refer to a state. Examples are: have, be, believe, know, love, hate, […]

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Expressions with through

July 5, 2014

Here is a list of idiomatic expressions using the word through. Half-way through / part-way through If something happens half-way through, it happens in the middle of an activity. They were forced to stop work half-way through the project. We left half-way through the concert. Monday through Friday From Monday until the end of Friday. […]

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