Lessons

Commonly confused expressions

August 13, 2014

Read the sentences given below and decide whether they are right or wrong. 1. Let’s keep this between you and I. 2. Two and two is four. 3. Every one of my brothers are married. 4. Leave go of me. Now let’s analyze the sentences. The sentence ‘Let’s keep this between you and I’ is […]

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Using gerunds in English

August 7, 2014

The gerund is a word form ending in –ing. Although gerunds are formed from verbs, they are not verbs. In fact, gerunds serve the same purpose as nouns. That means they can be the subject and object of the verb. They can also be the object of a preposition. Study the examples given below. Smoking […]

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That instead of which and who

August 4, 2014

The relative pronoun ‘that’ is sometimes used instead of ‘which’ and ‘who’. Study the examples given below. The man who called yesterday was rather rude. OR The man that called yesterday was rather rude. The coffee machine which I bought for my wife was expensive. OR The coffee machine that I bought for my wife […]

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Wait and await

August 2, 2014

The verbs wait and await have similar meanings but they are used in different grammatical structures. The verb await must have an expressed object. I am awaiting your reply. They are awaiting the birth of their first baby. The object of await is usually a thing. It is not a person. For example, we can’t […]

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Present perfect and present perfect continuous tense

August 2, 2014

The present perfect and present perfect continuous tenses are often confused. In some cases, they are both possible. However, there are some differences as well. The present perfect continuous tense The present perfect continuous tense is mainly used to talk about shorter and temporary situations. Examples He has been waiting outside for ten minutes. The […]

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State verbs and action verbs

July 22, 2014

In English, there are basically two kinds of verbs – action verbs and state verbs. As the name itself suggests, action verbs indicate an action of some kind. Examples are: throw, catch, play, come, work, sing, dance, write, cook and break. State verbs refer to a state. Examples are: have, be, believe, know, love, hate, […]

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Expressions with through

July 5, 2014

Here is a list of idiomatic expressions using the word through. Half-way through / part-way through If something happens half-way through, it happens in the middle of an activity. They were forced to stop work half-way through the project. We left half-way through the concert. Monday through Friday From Monday until the end of Friday. […]

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Related words that take different prepositions

July 4, 2014

Some words that have very similar meanings take different prepositions after them. According to / in accordance with According to him the end justifies the means. In accordance with his advice, I started dieting. Affection for / affectionate to She has great affection for her children. The old woman is affectionate to all. Alternate with […]

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Combine using infinitives

July 4, 2014

Combine the following pairs of sentences using infinitives. 1. He did not have even a penny with him. He could not buy a piece of bread. 2. The team has a captain. He leads other team members. 3. You must give me the keys of the safe. If you do that you will be able […]

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Sentence transformation exercise

July 2, 2014

A simple sentence consists of one main clause. A complex sentence consists of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses. A complex sentence can be transformed into a simple sentence by reducing the subordinate clause into a phrase. Study the example given below. We met a girl who was carrying a basket on […]

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Free Grammar Guide: "120 Deadly Grammar and Vocabulary Mistakes."