Lessons

That instead of which and who

August 4, 2014

The relative pronoun ‘that’ is sometimes used instead of ‘which’ and ‘who’. Study the examples given below. The man who called yesterday was rather rude. OR The man that called yesterday was rather rude. The coffee machine which I bought for my wife was expensive. OR The coffee machine that I bought for my wife […]

Read the full post →

Wait and await

August 2, 2014

The verbs wait and await have similar meanings but they are used in different grammatical structures. The verb await must have an expressed object. I am awaiting your reply. They are awaiting the birth of their first baby. The object of await is usually a thing. It is not a person. For example, we can’t […]

Read the full post →

Present perfect and present perfect continuous tense

August 2, 2014

The present perfect and present perfect continuous tenses are often confused. In some cases, they are both possible. However, there are some differences as well. The present perfect continuous tense The present perfect continuous tense is mainly used to talk about shorter and temporary situations. Examples He has been waiting outside for ten minutes. The […]

Read the full post →

State verbs and action verbs

July 22, 2014

In English, there are basically two kinds of verbs – action verbs and state verbs. As the name itself suggests, action verbs indicate an action of some kind. Examples are: throw, catch, play, come, work, sing, dance, write, cook and break. State verbs refer to a state. Examples are: have, be, believe, know, love, hate, […]

Read the full post →

Expressions with through

July 5, 2014

Here is a list of idiomatic expressions using the word through. Half-way through / part-way through If something happens half-way through, it happens in the middle of an activity. They were forced to stop work half-way through the project. We left half-way through the concert. Monday through Friday From Monday until the end of Friday. […]

Read the full post →

Related words that take different prepositions

July 4, 2014

Some words that have very similar meanings take different prepositions after them. According to / in accordance with According to him the end justifies the means. In accordance with his advice, I started dieting. Affection for / affectionate to She has great affection for her children. The old woman is affectionate to all. Alternate with […]

Read the full post →

Combine using infinitives

July 4, 2014

Combine the following pairs of sentences using infinitives. 1. He did not have even a penny with him. He could not buy a piece of bread. 2. The team has a captain. He leads other team members. 3. You must give me the keys of the safe. If you do that you will be able […]

Read the full post →

Sentence transformation exercise

July 2, 2014

A simple sentence consists of one main clause. A complex sentence consists of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses. A complex sentence can be transformed into a simple sentence by reducing the subordinate clause into a phrase. Study the example given below. We met a girl who was carrying a basket on […]

Read the full post →

Reflexive pronouns in subject position

June 24, 2014

Consider the following sentences. ‘Nice job. Who did this?’ ‘Myself and Jane. Do you think ‘myself’ is correctly used in the above sentence? Words like ‘myself’, ‘yourself’, ‘himself’, ‘herself’ etc., are reflexive pronouns. The reflexive pronouns are used when the object of the verb refers to the same person as the subject. Consider the sentence […]

Read the full post →

Using maybe and may be

June 23, 2014

Maybe is an adverb. It can be used in the following ways. Maybe can modify an entire sentence. Maybe she will come. Maybe we will win. Maybe you should leave her alone. Maybe can be used before a number. There were maybe 100 people at the meeting. Maybe is used when you are not sure […]

Read the full post →
Free Grammar Guide: "120 Deadly Grammar and Vocabulary Mistakes."