Lessons

Using it as a preparatory subject

June 3, 2014

In older English, it was a common practice to use an infinitive clause as the subject of a sentence. To wait for people who would never turn up made him angry. Here the infinitive phrase ‘To wait for people who would never turn up’ acts as the subject of the verb made. In modern English, […]

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Sentence synthesis exercise

May 30, 2014

Combine the following pairs of sentences. 1. It is very hot. I can’t go out now. 2. It may rain. We will get wet. 3. I bought these mangoes yesterday. They are very sweet. 4. The weather was fine. We went out for a walk. (Combine using a participle) 5. They are pretty. They are […]

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Type 1 conditional sentences

May 28, 2014

Type 1 conditional sentences are used to talk about real and possible situations. Here we use a simple present tense in the if-clause and will /can / may + infinitive in the result clause. Study the sentences given below. If I am hungry, I will get something to eat. If you are hungry, you can […]

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Analysis of a simple sentence

May 27, 2014

A simple sentence consists of just one clause. To analyze a simple sentence, we must first of all learn how to divide the sentence into two main parts – the subject and the predicate. Study the examples given below. Birds chirp. (Subject – birds; predicate – chirp) The boy sang a song. (Subject – the […]

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Noun clause exercise

May 15, 2014

A noun clause is a group of words which does the work of a noun. As you know, a clause contains a subject and a predicate of its own. An example is given below. That she has won the prize surprised me. Here the noun clause ‘that she has won the prize’ acts as the […]

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Collocations with -ing forms

May 7, 2014

Here is a list of collocations with –ing forms. A balancing act This expression is used to refer to a situation that requires careful handling of opinions, views or activities. An eating disorder An eating disorder is a psychological or medical problem. People suffering from an eating disorder eat either too much or too little […]

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Noun clause exercise

May 2, 2014

Combine each pair of simple sentences into one complex sentence containing a noun clause. 1. You cheated him. That is his complaint. 2. The train will arrive at a certain time. Do you know the time? 3. He will win. It is certain. 4. He is mad. That makes him more dangerous. 5. He may […]

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Direct and indirect objects

April 26, 2014

A transitive verb takes an object. Examples are: fill, take, break, write, read etc. Some transitive verbs take two objects – b and an indirect object. The direct object usually refers to a thing. The indirect object usually refers to a person. Direct objects The direct object can be a noun, pronoun, phrase or clause. […]

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Need as an auxiliary verb and an ordinary verb

April 19, 2014

Need is used both as a principal verb and as an auxiliary: When need is used as a principal verb, it means ‘require’. He needs my help. We need two more players for the team. We have got what we need. He needed some more time to decide the question. When need is used as […]

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Comparing and contrasting

April 5, 2014

Comparing and contrasting ideas can be difficult. Different structures are possible. For example, we can compare and contrast using conjunctions, transitional adverbs and phrases. The grammar is different. Comparison To compare ideas, you can use the following structures. Adverbs Similarly, likewise, in the same way, also Phrases Like, alike, similar, equal, comparable Verbs Compare to, […]

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