Lessons

Collocations with -ing forms

May 7, 2014

Here is a list of collocations with –ing forms. A balancing act This expression is used to refer to a situation that requires careful handling of opinions, views or activities. An eating disorder An eating disorder is a psychological or medical problem. People suffering from an eating disorder eat either too much or too little […]

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Noun clause exercise

May 2, 2014

Combine each pair of simple sentences into one complex sentence containing a noun clause. 1. You cheated him. That is his complaint. 2. The train will arrive at a certain time. Do you know the time? 3. He will win. It is certain. 4. He is mad. That makes him more dangerous. 5. He may […]

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Direct and indirect objects

April 26, 2014

A transitive verb takes an object. Examples are: fill, take, break, write, read etc. Some transitive verbs take two objects – b and an indirect object. The direct object usually refers to a thing. The indirect object usually refers to a person. Direct objects The direct object can be a noun, pronoun, phrase or clause. […]

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Need as an auxiliary verb and an ordinary verb

April 19, 2014

Need is used both as a principal verb and as an auxiliary: When need is used as a principal verb, it means ‘require’. He needs my help. We need two more players for the team. We have got what we need. He needed some more time to decide the question. When need is used as […]

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Comparing and contrasting

April 5, 2014

Comparing and contrasting ideas can be difficult. Different structures are possible. For example, we can compare and contrast using conjunctions, transitional adverbs and phrases. The grammar is different. Comparison To compare ideas, you can use the following structures. Adverbs Similarly, likewise, in the same way, also Phrases Like, alike, similar, equal, comparable Verbs Compare to, […]

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Change compound sentence into complex sentence

April 3, 2014

Transform the following compound sentences into complex sentences. A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses. A complex sentence consists of one main clause and one or more dependent clauses. Study the example given below. Buy two shirts and get one free. (Compound sentence) If you buy two shirts, you get one free. […]

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An overview of noun clauses

April 2, 2014

A complex sentence consists of one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. Note that an independent clause can stand by itself and make complete sense. A dependent clause, on the other hand, cannot stand alone. It has to be attached to an independent clause. There are three kinds of subordinate clauses: noun clause, […]

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Writing simple sentences in English

March 25, 2014

Sentences with adjectives Subject + be + adjective In this pattern we use an adjective to describe the subject of a sentence. He is intelligent. She is beautiful. It is easy. We are happy. Note that we cannot use articles before an adjective. However, if the adjective is followed by a singular noun we have […]

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Building blocks of a sentence

March 25, 2014

If you are a beginner, you can use these simple sentence patterns to start writing in English Sentences in all languages follow certain patterns. There are several sentence patterns in English. Only the simplest patterns are explained in this article. An English sentence must have two parts: a subject and a verb. The subject is […]

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Using few

March 20, 2014

The word few can be used in several different ways. Few as a determiner When few is used as a determiner, it is followed by a plural noun. Few people live in this village. There were few children in the class. Before a pronoun or a noun with a determiner, we use few of. Few […]

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