Talking about planned future events

November 17, 2013

The present continuous (is / am / are + -ing form), future continuous (will / shall + be + -ing form) and be going to can all be used to talk about planned future events. There is little difference of meaning. Study the examples given below. I am going to spend this coming weekend with […]

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Have + object + infinitive / -ing form

November 15, 2013

The verb have can be followed by object + infinitive / -ing form. This structure can have two meanings: ‘to cause to happen’ or ‘to experience’. Note that in this case, the infinitive and the –ing form can be used with little or no difference in meaning. He had me wash his car. OR He […]

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Uses of being

November 10, 2013

The word being is used in several different grammatical structures. Being + adjective The structure being + adjective is used to talk about actions and behavior. Why are you being so silly? You are being cruel when you hurt others with your words or actions. Note that when the adjective refers to feelings, the continuous […]

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As, when, while and as long as

November 7, 2013

As or while As and while are used to talk about two longer actions or situations that develop at the same time. They can be used with both simple and continuous tense forms. While I worked in the garage, my wife cooked lunch. She then did the dishes as I cleaned the car. However, in […]

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Using whatever

November 4, 2013

The word whatever exhibits several grammatical properties. It can be used as an adverb, a conjunction, a determiner, or a pronoun. As a relative pronoun As a relative pronoun, whatever introduces a relative clause. You may take whatever you like. Whatever you do, I will always love you. As a question pronoun Whatever can introduce […]

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Using whether

October 28, 2013

Whether is used when someone does not know which of the two possibilities is true. She asked me whether I was married. I don’t know whether she will come. I asked whether she had received the letter. Whether … or… is often used as a double conjunction. She doesn’t know whether her son is dead […]

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Conditional sentences exercise

October 22, 2013

Complete the following sentences. 1. If we ………………………… there, we would never have found what was happening. a) didn’t go b) hadn’t gone c) haven’t gone d) weren’t 2. If he should be late, we ……………………………. to go without him. a) will have b) would have c) would have had d) had 3. If you […]

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Using almost

October 18, 2013

Almost can mean ‘nearly’, ‘not quite’ or ‘not completely’. It is an adverb. When almost modifies a verb, it normally goes before that verb. I have almost finished the job. If the verb is a form of be, almost goes after it. There were almost sixty people there. We have already seen that almost is […]

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Difference between can and be able to

October 17, 2013

Both can and be able to can be used to talk about ability. In some cases they are interchangeable. Using can Can is used in the present tense. It is used to talk about our ability to do things. Examples I can swim. She can speak English well. I can swim across that stream. Be […]

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Actually, well and in fact

October 13, 2013

The words actually, well and in fact have very similar meanings. However, there are slight differences in use. Actually / in fact Both actually and in fact can be used correct mistakes or misunderstandings. ‘Hi, Mary. What a pleasant surprise!’ ‘Actually my name is Alice.’ Actually is often used with well. ‘You are a doctor, […]

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