Pronoun-antecedent agreement

March 11, 2014

A pronoun is a word used to refer to a noun mentioned earlier in the text. This noun is called the antecedent of the pronoun. Susmita is a pretty girl. She also sings well. (Pronoun – she; antecedent – Susmita) Note that the pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number and person. That means […]

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Using the demonstrative pronouns

April 9, 2013

There are only five demonstrative pronouns in English: this, that, these, those and such. Demonstrative pronouns can behave either as pronouns or as adjectives. When used as pronouns, these words identify or point to nouns. That was an incredible experience. (Here the demonstrative pronoun that refers to something the speaker just talked about.) I don’t […]

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Personal pronouns exercise

March 20, 2013

Fill in the blanks with suitable pronouns. 1. John and Peter are brothers. I know ………………………. very well and my father likes ………………….. very much. 2. This book has many interesting pictures and stories. I like ………………………… very much. 3. The woman gave sweets to the children, but ……………………………. did not thank …………………… 4. The […]

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Relative clauses and relative pronouns

November 6, 2012

Clauses beginning with question words (e.g. who, which, where) are often used to identify people and things. Clauses used like this are called relative clauses. They can also be called adjective clauses. Examples are given below. James, who is my neighbor, is a well-known painter. (Here the relative clause ‘who is my neighbor’ gives more […]

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Possessive pronouns and adjectives

October 22, 2012

Read the following sentences. This necklace belongs to her. They do not belong to you. We can combine these sentences using possessive pronouns. This necklace is hers, not yours. This car belongs to him. It does not belong to me. This car is his, not mine. Exercise Combine the following pairs of sentences using possessive […]

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Use of the words he/she, him/her and his/hers etc.

October 21, 2012

Read the following sentences. He has a camera. The camera belongs to him. It is his camera. The camera is his. She has a diamond ring. The diamond ring belongs to her. It is her diamond ring. The diamond ring is hers. They have a tea garden. The tea garden belongs to them. It is […]

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Demonstrative pronouns

February 22, 2011

Study the following sentences. This is a gift from my brother. Both watches are good; but this is better than that. My views are in accordance with those of the Chairman. These are mere excuses. That is the Red Fort. Mumbai mangoes are better than those of Bangalore. You will have noticed that the pronouns […]

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Indefinite pronouns

February 3, 2011

Study the following sentences. One hardly knows what to do. One cannot choose one’s parents. One must not boast of one’s success. One should love one’s country. None of them have come yet. None but fools have ever believed it. None of his books are best sellers. Some are born great; some achieve greatness. Nobody […]

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Distributive pronouns

January 31, 2011

Consider the following sentences: Each boy was given a prize. Either road leads to the railway station. Neither accusation is true. Each, either and neither are called distributive pronouns because they refer to persons or things one at a time. Note that a distributive pronoun is always singular and as such it should be followed […]

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What are reflexive pronouns?

November 30, 2010

Reflexive pronouns are words like myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, oneself, ourselves and themselves. Uses A very common use of reflexive pronouns is to talk about actions where the subject and object are the same person. The old woman killed herself. (Here the subject and object are the same person – the old woman.) I […]

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