Common linking words

Here is an overview of common linking words in English.

To give examples

To give examples we can use the following linking expressions: for instance, for example, in particular

People often behave stupidly when they are frightened. Take Alice, for instance, …

We are not at all happy with the way you handled the situation. In particular, we ….

To show contrast

To show contrast you can use the following conjunctions and conjunctive adverbs: but, however, otherwise, in contrast, on the other hand.

Their front door was open but nobody was inside.

Their front door was open; however, nobody was inside.

The technology sector is performing badly. The banking stocks, in / by contrast, are doing well again.

Sam was quite rude. His brother, on the other hand, behaved very politely.

To show concession

The following conjunctions and conjunctive adverbs can be used to show concession: however, yet, nevertheless, although, despite, even though, despite the fact that etc.

The car broke down on the way. Nevertheless / however, I managed to get to the meeting in time.

Even though he has a master’s degree in English, he still can’t write a good letter.

To show similarity

To show similarity, you can use the following conjunctive adverbs: likewise, similarly, in the same way

My mother did everything she could to educate us. In the same way, we put a high value on our children’s education.

To show result

Use the following expressions to show result: therefore, as a result, thus, consequently, so, as a consequence

They have recruited more people and consequently the service is better.

The new laptops are thin and light and therefore you can carry them around more comfortably.

To indicate time or sequence

A large number of expressions are used to indicate sequence. Examples are: first, firstly, second, secondly, finally, lastly, immediately, formerly, thereafter, soon, next etc.