Using have

The verb have has three forms: has, have and had. The forms has and have are used in the present tense. Had is used in the past tense.

Use have when the subject is a plural noun. Have is also used with the pronouns I, we, they and you.

  • They have a nice apartment in the city.
  • I have a sister.
  • You have a sweet voice.
  • We have a car.

Use has when the subject is a singular noun or the third person singular pronoun (e.g. he, she, it).

  • My father has a flat in Chennai.
  • She has a headache.
  • Rohan has a brother and a sister.
  • The elephant has a big trunk.

As a primary auxiliary, have and its forms are used to show ideas such as possession, relationships, physical sensations etc.

  • I have a headache. (physical feeling)
  • She has a diamond necklace. (possession)
  • He has two brothers and one sister. (relationships)

Have can also be used as a modal auxiliary verb. As a modal auxiliary verb, have is used to make perfect tense forms.

Study the following sentences.

  • They have received the parcel. (Here have combines with the past participle form received to form the present perfect tense.)
  • She has returned. (Present perfect – active)
  • You have done a good job. (Present perfect – active)
  • They have accepted the offer. (Present perfect – active)
  • She has declined the offer. (Present perfect – active)
  • The offer has been declined by her. (Present perfect – passive)
  • She has been reprimanded. (Present perfect – passive)