January 2013

Structures with why

January 31, 2013

This structure is used to suggest something for other people’s consideration and acceptance. It is a more direct way of making a suggestion. Why not buy now and pay later? Why not suspend that guy? Why not punish that boy? Why not hire a more competent person? Why not ask him? Why not consult a […]

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Conditional forms exercise

January 30, 2013

Read the following sentences and find out the conditional form used in them. 1. She wouldn’t come if you didn’t invite her. a) zero conditional b) first conditional c) second conditional 2. If I manage to save enough money, I will buy a car this year. a) first conditional b) second conditional c) third conditional […]

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Indirect questions exercise

January 29, 2013

An indirect question is not a question at all. In a direct question, the auxiliary verb comes before the subject. However, in an indirect question, the auxiliary verb comes after the subject. What’s more, an indirect question ends with a full stop, not a question mark. Read the following sentences. Direct question: Where are you […]

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Since and for

January 28, 2013

ESL students often find it difficult to use these words correctly. Since is used with the present perfect tense to say when something began. It has been raining since morning. I have been waiting for his call since yesterday. She has been waiting for the parcel since last week. The child has been sleeping since […]

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Second conditional worksheet

January 27, 2013

The second conditional is used to talk about unreal situations and their imaginary results. Complete the following sentences using appropriate second conditional forms of the verbs given in the brackets. 1. If he ……………………………. (start) early, he would finish in time. 2. If you worked harder, you …………………………. (do) well on the test. 3. If […]

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Some discourse markers

January 26, 2013

Let me see, well, you know etc Expressions of this kind are often used when the speaker needs time to think. ‘How much are you selling it for?’ ‘Well, let me see…’ ‘When are you going to finish that report?’ ‘Well, I think it will be ready by Tuesday.’ ‘Why did you do that?’ ‘Well, […]

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Short answers

January 25, 2013

Short answers are often grammatically incomplete because we do not usually repeat the words that have just been said. A typical short answer pattern is subject + auxiliary verb. Short answers may also contain other words that are really necessary. Study the following examples. ‘Can you speak English?’ ‘Yes, I can.’ (More natural than ‘Yes, […]

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Short answers exercise

January 24, 2013

Short answers are normally constructed with subject and auxiliary verb. Other words in the question are usually omitted in short answers. In affirmative short answers, we use stressed, non-contracted forms. ‘Are you happy?’ ‘Yes, I am.’ (NOT Yes, I’m.) In negative short answers, we usually use contracted forms. Examples are given below: were not – […]

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Teaching the present continuous tense

January 23, 2013

If you are an ESL teacher you should know how difficult it is to teach tenses. Teaching the present continuous tense immediately after teaching the simple present tense can be confusing for students. The present continuous tense is used to talk about things that happen at the moment of speaking. The simple present tense, on […]

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Learning the simple present tense

January 22, 2013

The simple present tense is perhaps the first tense form ESL students learn. While learning this tense form, it is always a good idea to start with sentences using a form of the verb be. Examples are given below. She is an architect. They are excited about the picnic. I am happy with my performance. […]

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