Lessons

Using would

November 24, 2014

The modal auxiliary verb ‘would’ has several uses. Here are a few. Habitual action in the past Would is used talk about habitual action in the past. When I was a boy, I would go swimming every evening. When we were kids, we would stay up late. In informal writing and speech, ‘would’ is often […]

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Conversion of a complex sentence into a compound sentence

November 19, 2014

A complex sentence consists of one coordinate (main) clause and one or more subordinate clauses. A compound sentence consists of two or more coordinate (main) clauses. As we have already learned, a main clause can stand alone. A subordinate clause, on the other hand, cannot stand alone. It needs to be attached to a main […]

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Noun clause exercise

November 12, 2014

Combine the following sentences into a complex sentence with a noun clause using ‘that’. 1. He will fight to the finish. He says this. 2. She will win the first prize. It is certain. 3. He was innocent. He could not prove that. 4. The manager committed the blunder. It is evident. 5. He will […]

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The verb and the object

October 12, 2014

Every sentence must have a subject and a predicate. The subject is usually a noun or a pronoun. The predicate must contain a verb. The predicate may also contain several other words. Study the examples given below. The driver stopped the car. (Subject – the driver; predicate – stopped the car) Here the predicate consists […]

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Gerunds and infinitives as subjects

October 7, 2014

The subject of a sentence is usually a noun or a pronoun. But sometimes, to-infinitives and –ing forms are also used as subjects. Study the examples given below. Swimming is a good exercise. Here the –ing form ‘swimming’ acts as the subject of the verb ‘is’. More examples are given below. Smoking is injurious to […]

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The subject

October 7, 2014

A sentence must have a subject and a predicate. The subject is usually a noun or a pronoun. The predicate must contain a verb. When the subject is a proper noun or a pronoun, it may consist of just one word. Study the examples given below. Alice smiled. He knows the answer. They ran after […]

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Object complement

October 3, 2014

Study the sentence given below. Does it make complete sense? They elected Martin. While this sentence has a subject, a verb and an object, it does not make complete sense. We understand that Martin has been elected, but we don’t know what position he occupies. In this case, we need a word or phrase to […]

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Compound or complex sentence

October 2, 2014

State which of the following sentences are compound and which are complex. In the case of a compound sentence, separate the coordinate clauses and mention the conjunction. If the sentence is complex, divide it into its clauses and state the principal clause and the subordinate clause. 1. Donald took out his pen and started writing. […]

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How to agree and disagree with statements

September 5, 2014

Agreements with affirmative statements are made with Yes / Of course + pronoun + auxiliary. ‘It is a nice film.’ ‘Yes. It is.’ ‘She is a good girl.’ ‘Of course, she is.’ ‘He can speak English well.’ ‘Yes. He can.’ ‘She looks upset.’ ‘Yes, she does.’ Agreements with negative statements are made with No + […]

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How to report WH and Yes/No questions

September 2, 2014

There are mainly two types of questions – Wh-questions and Yes/No questions. When we report a Wh-question, we use a reporting verb like asked or enquired. Study the example given below. Direct: He said to me, ‘Where do you live?’ Indirect: He asked me where I lived. Direct: Mother said to me, ‘What are you […]

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