Abstract nouns

August 23, 2014

An abstract noun is the name of a quality, action or state. Abstract nouns refer to ideas that we cannot see or touch. Examples are given below. Quality – goodness, kindness, beauty, intelligence, generosity, cleverness, obedience, honesty, brightness, wisdom, bravery, courage, hardness, softness Action – laughter, theft, movement, judgment State – childhood, boyhood, manhood, youth, […]

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Rules regarding the formation of plurals

July 1, 2014

In English, we form the plurals of nouns by adding –s to the singular. Examples are given below. Boy -> boys Girl -> girls Book -> books There are several exceptions to this rule. Nouns ending in –s, -sh, -ch and –x, form their plurals by adding –es to the singular. Examples are: Box -> […]

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Common mistakes in the use of uncountable nouns

June 28, 2014

Read the following sentences. The sceneries here are not good. The scenery here is not good. Which of the two sentences is the correct one? The word scenery is uncountable in English. It may be countable in some other languages. However, in English, we can’t say sceneries or a scenery. As you know, uncountable nouns […]

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Plural uncountable nouns

May 4, 2013

Most uncountable nouns are singular in number. Therefore, we use the singular form of the verb with them. Don’t hurry – there is plenty of time. (NOT There are plenty of time.) Practice makes the man perfect. (NOT Practice make the man perfect.) Uncountable nouns are often treated as countables if we are talking about […]

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Using if

April 19, 2013

If is a subordinating conjunction. It is mainly used to introduce a condition that must exist before something else can happen. If you don’t work hard, you will fail. If she is late, we will have to go without her. If she doesn’t pay the fee, she will not be allowed to take the test. […]

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Nouns that exist only in the singular or plural form

April 23, 2012

In English, there are several nouns that exist only in the plural form. Except for a few, they all end in –s. Examples are: Amends (to make ‘amends’ for causing some loss) Annals (pages of books of history) Archives Arms (weapons) Arrears Ashes (of a dead cremated body) Auspices (patronage) Bowels Brains (intellect) Contents Customs […]

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Countable nouns

August 21, 2011

Countable nouns are the names of objects, people and places that can be counted. Examples are: flower, boy, apple, book, tree, room, house, window etc. Countable nouns have singular and plural forms and can be used with indefinite articles (a / an) and numbers. Generally, a singular countable noun always takes an article or another […]

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Ways of forming the feminine gender

February 14, 2011

There are three ways of forming the feminine gender. 1) By using an entirely different word. Bachelor (masculine) / spinster or maid (feminine) Boy / girl Man / woman Husband / wife Father / mother Brother / sister Son / daughter Horse / mare Monk / nun Buck / doe King / queen Cock / […]

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Formation of the possessive case

July 20, 2010

Singular nouns form their possessive case by adding ‘s to the singular. The boy’s dog My father’s office Only the apostrophe (‘) without s is added if the noun contains too many hissing sounds. For goodness’ sake For conscience’ sake For Jesus’ sake Moses’ laws Plural nouns ending in -s form their possessive case by […]

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Noun: gender

July 18, 2010

Living beings are of either the male or the female sex. Now compare the following pairs of words. Boy, girl Man, woman Husband, wife Lion, lioness Here the first word of each pair is the name of a male animal. The second word of each pair is the name of a female animal. A noun […]

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