Nouns

Plural uncountable nouns

May 4, 2013

Most uncountable nouns are singular in number. Therefore, we use the singular form of the verb with them. Don’t hurry – there is plenty of time. (NOT There are plenty of time.) Practice makes the man perfect. (NOT Practice make the man perfect.) Uncountable nouns are often treated as countables if we are talking about […]

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Using if

April 19, 2013

If is a subordinating conjunction. It is mainly used to introduce a condition that must exist before something else can happen. If you don’t work hard, you will fail. If she is late, we will have to go without her. If she doesn’t pay the fee, she will not be allowed to take the test. […]

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Nouns that exist only in the singular or plural form

April 23, 2012

In English, there are several nouns that exist only in the plural form. Except for a few, they all end in –s. Examples are: Amends (to make ‘amends’ for causing some loss) Annals (pages of books of history) Archives Arms (weapons) Arrears Ashes (of a dead cremated body) Auspices (patronage) Bowels Brains (intellect) Contents Customs […]

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Countable nouns

August 21, 2011

Countable nouns are the names of objects, people and places that can be counted. Examples are: flower, boy, apple, book, tree, room, house, window etc. Countable nouns have singular and plural forms and can be used with indefinite articles (a / an) and numbers. Generally, a singular countable noun always takes an article or another […]

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Ways of forming the feminine gender

February 14, 2011

There are three ways of forming the feminine gender. 1) By using an entirely different word. Bachelor (masculine) / spinster or maid (feminine) Boy / girl Man / woman Husband / wife Father / mother Brother / sister Son / daughter Horse / mare Monk / nun Buck / doe King / queen Cock / […]

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Formation of the possessive case

July 20, 2010

Singular nouns form their possessive case by adding ‘s to the singular. The boy’s dog My father’s office Only the apostrophe (‘) without s is added if the noun contains too many hissing sounds. For goodness’ sake For conscience’ sake For Jesus’ sake Moses’ laws Plural nouns ending in -s form their possessive case by […]

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Noun: gender

July 18, 2010

Living beings are of either the male or the female sex. Now compare the following pairs of words. Boy, girl Man, woman Husband, wife Lion, lioness Here the first word of each pair is the name of a male animal. The second word of each pair is the name of a female animal. A noun […]

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Formation of plurals – Part II

July 17, 2010

Some nouns have identical singular and plural forms. Examples are: swine, sheep, deer, cod, salmon, aircraft, spacecraft, series, species etc. The following nouns are always used in the singular form after numerals: pair, dozen, score, gross, hundred and thousand I bought three dozen mangoes. (NOT I bought three dozens mangoes.) The music player cost me […]

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Formation of plural nouns

July 16, 2010

The plural noun is generally formed by adding -s to the singular. Cow (singular), cows (plural) Boy, boys Girl, girls Book, books Tree, trees Dog, dogs Pen, pens Nouns ending in -s, -sh, -ch or -x form the plural by adding -es to the singular. Class (singular), classes (plural) Brush, brushes Kiss, kisses Match, matches […]

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The Noun: Case

June 26, 2010

Read the following sentence: John broke the window. The boy killed the spider. In sentence 1, the noun John is the subject. It is the answer to the question ‘Who broke the window? ‘The group of words ‘broke the window’ is the  predicate. The predicate contains the verb broke. What did John break? – the […]

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