Comparing and contrasting

April 5, 2014pdf

Comparing and contrasting ideas can be difficult. Different structures are possible. For example, we can compare and contrast using conjunctions, transitional adverbs and phrases. The grammar is different.

Comparison

To compare ideas, you can use the following structures.

Adverbs

Similarly, likewise, in the same way, also

Phrases

Like, alike, similar, equal, comparable

Verbs

Compare to, resemble, fit, match, mirror, reinforce, reflect etc.

To express contrast, you can use the following adverbs and transitional verbs: In contrast, on the other hand, however.

The conjunctions though, although and but are also possible.

You must also pay attention to the structure of your sentences.

Notes

A transitional adverb goes between separate sentences.

  • Some people want a new system. However, not everybody agrees.

A dependent conjunction joins a dependent clause to an independent clause.

Two patterns are possible.

Conjunction + subject + verb, subject + verb

Subject + verb + conjunction + subject + verb…

Although he is a post graduate in physics, he can’t even change a bulb.

OR

He can’t even change a bulb although he is a post graduate in physics.

Coordinating conjunctions join independent clauses.

Subject + verb + conjunction + subject + verb

He is a post graduate in English, but he can’t even change a bulb.

A prepositional phrase normally comes at the beginning of the sentence if the phrase is an adverb.

Prepositional phrase, subject + verb

Subject + verb + prepositional phrase

Unlike his brother, Stephen is quite interested in their family business.

Free Grammar Guide: "120 Deadly Grammar and Vocabulary Mistakes."