Short answers

January 11, 2011pdf

The following is the most usual form of short answers to questions beginning with an auxiliary verb:

Yes + pronoun + auxiliary
No + pronoun + auxiliary + n’t (not)

  • Are you going to school? Yes, I am./ No, I am not.
  • Can you speak English? Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.
  • Did she come? Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t.
  • Is your son married? Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.
  • Does John work hard? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.
  • Is Peter your friend? Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.

Agreements and disagreements with statements

Agreements with affirmative statements are made with the structure ‘Yes + pronoun + auxiliary’.

  • She is a nice girl. Yes, she is.
  • Joe has already come. Yes, he has.
  • He can speak English very well. Yes, he can.

Agreements with negative statements are made with the structure ‘No + pronoun + auxiliary + n’t (not)’.

  • The apples aren’t good. No, they aren’t.
  • She doesn’t like fish. No, she doesn’t.
  • They didn’t play well. No, they didn’t.

Disagreements with affirmative statements are made with the structure ‘No + pronoun + auxiliary + n’t (not). But is used in disagreements with a question.

  • He is mad. No, he isn’t.
  • You are joking. No, I am not.
  • Why did you beat him? But I didn’t.

Disagreements with negative statements are made with the structure ‘Yes + pronoun + auxiliary’.

  • You can’t do it. Yes, I can.
  • He won’t come again. Yes, he will.
  • I didn’t break it. Yes, you did.
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