By using the absolute construction
This method is used when the sentences have different subjects.
- The chief guest took his seat on the dais. The meeting began.
- The chief guest having taken his seat on the dais, the meeting began.
- The storm subsided. We began our march again.
- The storm having subsided, we began our march again.
- The monsoon started. The village roads became muddy.
The monsoon having started the village roads became muddy.
By using infinitive
Two simple sentences can be combined into one simple sentence by using an infinitive.
- I have some work. I must do it tonight.
- I have some work to do tonight.
- You must serve your country. It is your duty.
- It is your duty to serve your country.
- The tea is too hot. I can’t drink it.
- The tea is too hot to drink.
- He got a scholarship. He could pursue higher education in the US.
- He got a scholarship to pursue higher education in the US.
By using a noun or phrase in apposition
- Tagore was a great poet. He was also a great painter.
- Tagore, the great poet, was also a great painter.
- Stalin was the Dictator of Russia. He had talks with Roosevelt. Roosevelt was the President of America.
- Stalin, the Dictator of Russia, had talks with Roosevelt, the President of America.