Here are some common phrasal verbs in English.
When something screws up somebody, it confuses or hurts them.
To scratch out is to make a living with great difficulty.
To seal off an area is to block it or prevent access to it.
To set off is to start a journey.
To shake something off is to get rid of it.
To spruce up is to smarten up.
To splash out is to spend a lot of money on something
To stick around is to stay in the same place for a long time.
To dish out is to give something (usually criticism) in large amounts
To spew something out is to produce a lot of it.
To spark something off is to make it happen.
To dish something out is to give something (usually something bad) freely and in large amounts.
To shoot off is to leave in a hurry.
To mug up is to study hard.
To shake something off is to get rid of that.
Stand by (somebody)
To stand by someone is to support them when they need you.
Stand (somebody) up
To stand somebody up is to arrange to meet somebody and not go.
Stand in for
To stand in for somebody is to do their job temporarily.
Actually this is an inseparable phrasal verb. When something stands out, it becomes clearly noticeable.
To stand down is to resign