Conditional sentences: grammar exercise

October 2, 2013pdf

1. If you had taken the necessary precautions, none of this ………………………………..

a) would happen

b) would have happened

c) had happened

d) will happen

2. If I were you, I ………………………….. that mole examined.

a) would get

b) will get

c) would have got

c) would be getting

3. If I …………………………. a lottery, I would spend all my time traveling.

a) win

b) won

c) have won

d) had won

4. Had I realized what you intended, I ………………………………. my permission.

a) would not give

b) would not have given

c) will not give

d) had not given

5. If it …………………………………….. for your help, I don’t know what I would have done.

a) wasn’t

b) hadn’t been

c) weren’t

d) hasn’t been

6. Were she my daughter, I …………………………… her to go out in that mini-frock.

a) wouldn’t have allowed

b) would not allow

c) will not allow

d) hadn’t allowed

Answers

1. If you had taken the necessary precautions, none of this would have happened. (In a type 3 conditional sentence, we use a past perfect tense in the if-clause and would have + past participle in the result clause.)

2. If I were you, I would get that mole examined. (In a type 2 conditional sentence, we use a past simple tense in the if-clause and would + infinitive in the result clause.)

3. If I won a lottery, I would spend all my time traveling. (When we use would + infinitive in the main clause, the verb in the if-clause should be in the past simple tense.)

4. Had I realized what you intended, I would not have given my permission. (‘Had I realized’ means the same as ‘If I had realized’. If I had realized what you intended, I wouldn’t have given my permission.)

5. If it hadn’t been for your help, I don’t know what I would have done. (We use a past perfect tense in the if-clause when would have + past participle is used in the main clause.)

6. Were she my daughter, I would not allow her to go out in that mini-frock. (In a type 2 conditional sentence we use a past simple tense in the if-clause and would + infinitive in the main clause. The clause ‘were she my daughter’ is actually a shortened form of the clause ‘if she were my daughter’.)

Keep your grammar up-to-date!
Includes Grammar Guide (PDF)