When we speak or write, we generally use words in groups. Such a group of words which makes complete sense is called a sentence.
- Little Jack Horner sat in a corner.
- Jack and Jill went up the hill.
- Two and two make four.
It is getting dark.
Kinds of sentences
There are four kinds of sentences.
Assertive or declarative sentences
A sentence which makes a statement or assertion is called an assertive or declarative sentence.
- Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall.
- Honey is sweet.
- The sun rises in the east.
- Peter is my friend.
An assertive sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop.
A sentence which asks a question is called an interrogative sentence.
- Where are you going?
- What do you want?
- How are you?
An interrogative sentence has a question mark at the end.
A sentence which expresses a command, request or entreaty is called an imperative sentence.
- Get lost.
- Be quiet.
- Don’t be silly.
An imperative sentence usually does not have an expressed subject.
A sentence which expresses some strong feelings is called an exclamatory sentence.
- What a shame!
- How disgraceful!
- How fiercely the wind blows!
- How cold the night is!