Present perfect continuous tense

November 23, 2012pdf

Form: has / have + been + ing form of the verb

Affirmative Question Negative
I have been working. Have I been working? I have not been working.
He has been working. Has he been working? He has not been working.
She has been working. Has she been working? She has not been working.
They have been working. Have they been working? They have not been working.
We have been working. Have we been working? We have not been working.
You have been working. Have you been working? You have not been working.

Uses

The present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about situations which started in the past and are still going on.

  • I have been gardening since morning.
  • It has been raining since yesterday.
  • Rani has been studying since morning.
  • Father has been working for six hours.
  • Rahul has been playing for hours.
  • They have been waiting for long.

Difference between present perfect and present perfect continuous tense

Both present perfect and present perfect continuous tenses can be used to talk about situations that started in the past and are still going on. The present perfect continuous tense is preferred in cases where we want to say how long a situation has lasted.

To simply show the continuity of an action, we use the present continuous tense. The present perfect tense is used in cases where the focus is on the idea of completion.

  • I have written six letters since morning. (Focus on the idea of completion)
  • He has eaten a whole loaf of bread.
  • I am writing a letter. (Focus on the idea of continuity with no reference to duration)
  • I have been writing since morning. (Focus on the continuity and duration of the idea)
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