Structures with so

June 19, 2012pdf

So means to such an extent. So is often used when we are talking about a very high degree of some quality. So can be used in most situations where very is also possible.

  • Why are you so unkind?
  • He is so stupid.

So is not used with adjective + noun.

  • She is such a beautiful girl. (NOT She is a so beautiful girl.)

So can be followed directly by that-clauses. Structures with very are not possible in this case.

  • He was so ill that we had to call a doctor. (NOT He was very ill that we had to call a doctor.)

So far means as far as this.

  • Now that we have come so far, we may as well go all the way. (= Now that we have come as far as this, we may as well go all the way.)

So long as means on condition that

  • You may borrow the book, so long as you keep it clean.

So far from means instead of

  • So far from helping us, he hindered our progress. (= Instead of helping us, he hindered our progress.)

So as to means in order to.

  • I will hurry, so as to not delay you.

So can be used instead of a word or phrase.

  • I told you so! (= That is what I told you.)

In constructions like the following so can mean also.

  • He is learning English and so am I. (Note the inverted word order after so.)

So can also mean therefore.

  • She asked me to go, so I went.
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