Sentence synthesis exercise

November 12, 2011pdf

We can combine two or more simple sentences into one large sentence – simple, compound or complex. This process is called synthesis.

Two or more simple sentences can be combined into a single simple sentence. Study the following examples.

  • I am going to the market. I need to buy some fruits.

These two simple sentences can be combined into one using a to-infinitive.

  • I am going to the market to buy some fruits.
  • He is very clever. He cannot be deceived.
  • He is too clever to be deceived.

Participles can also be used to combine two sentences.

  • She lost her ring. She started crying.
  • Having lost her ring she started crying.
  • The monkey sat on a branch. He gibbered.
  • Sitting on a branch the monkey gibbered.

Note that participles and infinitives can be used only when both sentences have the same subject.

Exercise

Join each of the following pairs of simple sentences into a single simple sentence.

1. The crow heard a noise. The crow flew away.

2. I believed the man to be honest. I lent him ten thousand pounds.

3. The constable was bitten by a snake. He died.

4. He finished breakfast. He went to office.

Answers

1. Hearing a noise the crow flew away.

2. Believing the man to be honest, I lent him ten thousand pounds.

3. Having been bitten by a snake, the constable died.

4. Having finished breakfast, he went to office.

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