Writing simple sentences in English

Sentences with adjectives

Subject + be + adjective

In this pattern we use an adjective to describe the subject of a sentence.

  • He is intelligent.
  • She is beautiful.
  • It is easy.
  • We are happy.

Note that we cannot use articles before an adjective. However, if the adjective is followed by a singular noun we have to use an article or another determiner.

  • She is a beautiful girl. (NOT She is beautiful girl.)
  • It was a difficult situation. (NOT It was difficult situation.)
  • He is a dangerous criminal. OR He is dangerous.

If the adjective is followed by a plural noun, the article a/an cannot be used.

  • They are kind people. (NOT They are a kind people.)
  • John and Peter are close buddies. (NOT John and Peter are a close buddies.)

Add prepositional phrases to your sentences

By adding short prepositional phrases to your sentence, you can tell when or where something happens.

A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition. The prepositional phrase usually goes at the end of the sentence.

  • He is in his office.
  • He sat under a tree.
  • There is someone at the door.
  • The crocodiles snapped at the boat.
  • Put the books on the table.
  • There are many apples on the tree.
  • A gang stood in front of me.
  • The castle was heavily bombed during the war.

Writing sentences using other verbs

The simplest sentences in English take the verb be, but be is not the only verb in English. Be is actually a primary auxiliary verb. The vast majority of verbs in English belong to a category called lexical verbs.

  • He works at a factory.
  • I tripped over the cat.
  • He fell off the ladder.